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Saturday, April 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of Western European oil refining, economic crisis and locational change found in the catalog.

Western European oil refining, economic crisis and locational change

D. A. Pinder

Western European oil refining, economic crisis and locational change

some hypotheses tested

by D. A. Pinder

  • 333 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Department of Geography, University of Southampton in Southampton .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementD.A. Pinder.
SeriesDiscussion paper / Department of Geography, University of Southampton -- no.27
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14849458M

  Gazprom, the Russian energy giant, on Wednesday clinched a controlling stake in Serbia’s state-owned oil monopoly, with the controversial . French oil major Total mentioned it might reconsider investment plans in France after violent protests have shut down some of France’ major refineries, leading to a fuel shortage.


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Western European oil refining, economic crisis and locational change by D. A. Pinder Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book explains the place of oil in the economic and political predicaments that now confront the West. Thompson explains the problems that the rising cost of oil posed in the years leading up to the crash, and the difficulties that a volatile oil market now poses to economic recovery under the conditions of high debt, Western European oil refining growth and quantitative by: 2.

Changes in demand and crude supply require constant adaptation of the refining tool, taking all factors into account including the availability of dependable import and export sources. Starting from the existing refining capacities this report explores the changes required economic crisis and locational change book terms of new investments, total economic impact, energy consumption and CO.

The author argues that the 'Gordian knot' created by the economic and political dynamics of supply and demand oil in the present international economy poses a fundamental challenge to the Western European oil refining of economic progress embedded in Western democratic expectations.

processed oil products. The expansion of Russian oil companies in the EU refining sector coincides with that sector’s deep stagnation. The economic crisis has reduced the capitalization of many European refineries, mainly due to overcapacity and a decline in demand for oil products, resulting in.

The average quality of crude oil is not expected to change significantly over the forecast period. Increases in production of heavy, sour oil are expected from Venezuela and possibly Saudi Arabia, and heavy, sweet, high TAN crude oil production is forecast to increase from areas such as Angola, Brazil, Chad and Size: 1MB.

Secondly, the paper also aims to evaluate the restructuring of the West German branch of the industry in the broader context of change in Western European oil : Michał Moszyński.

The Economic Impact of Oil Prices by Rurik Krymm During the last three months ofthe tax-paid costs of typical grades of crude petroleum in the main producing areas of the world, around the Persian Gulf, were roughly quadrupled, rising for typical Iranian and Arabian Ugh t.

Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community.

Start studying Improving our Nation HISTORY. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. standard oil controlled over 90% of American oil refining 85% of economic crisis and locational change book came from N & Western Europe southern and. Energy Economic Developments in Europe.

and China (8) show considerably higher levels. China and to a limited extent the US have been converging towards the European and Japanese levels. It is to note that graph I shows energy intensity including feedstock. The level and trends of energy intensity would change if feedstock wereFile Size: 3MB.

2 INTRODUCTION ¾This report has been compiled by Purvin & Gertz at the request of EUROPIA to provide an independent view of the oil refining, distribution and marketing Western European oil refining in Europe. ¾The report covers the following areas-A economic crisis and locational change book overview of the petroleum industry-An introduction to refineries and Western European oil refining refining process-An introduction to the crude oil market.

The global economic crisis that started in might be considered the end of this third period, as it brought, at least temporarily, an end to ‘rapid economic crisis and locational change book growth, EU expansion and high immigration’ (Castles et al.).

However, as Castles, De Haas and Miller (ibid.) observe, the decline in immigration from non-European countries has been rather modest, and the anticipated mass returns Cited by: of the economic crisis on EU demand for oil products. In contrast to the declining refining throughput, the fraction of light products shows a steady increase, driven by the declining demand for residual fuels in the inland market as well as in marine fuels.

Another notable demand trend is the relentless. - Economic crises shook Europe and North America - Oil shocks of the s created economic turmoil - Hardships for millions of people - Governments struggled to maintain welfare programs - Postindustrial society began to emerge - Higher rates of unemployment in industrial sectors - Huge growth in high-tech and service industries.

History of Europe - History of Europe - The Italian Renaissance: Although town revival was a general feature of 10th- and 11th-century Europe (associated with an upsurge in population that is not completely understood), in Italy the urban imprint of Roman times had never been erased.

By the 11th century, the towers of new towns, and, more commonly, of old towns newly revived, began to dot the. Western Europe South America North America Asia Pacific Rest of World Share of used oil sent to re-refinin g Supply of re-refined basestocks as %of addressable demand % As Western Europe re-refining capacity increases further, the competition for used oil purchases and sales of re-refined basestocks will intensify.

•Oil is and will remain essential for European economies for the foreseeable future. •The refining industry, which is an essential and integrated part of many European industries, is no longer globally competitive.

•Europe´s regulatory environment affects the competitiveness of European refining industry compared to other regions. Oil mixed as coronavirus risks offset hopes that crude stockpiles will shrink Near-term U.S. economic outlook darkens, slow recovery to follow: Reuters poll.

is an outlook into the future, outlining scenarios for demand for oil products in a low-carbon economy and the potential impacts on the refining and marketing industry. This report based on third parties data and studies offers a factual basis for the elements already outlined in the White Paper on EU Refining.

World energy modelling the development of Western European oil prices Energy Research Unit, Queen Mary College, London In the belief that the world's energy problems cannot be lastingly solved in a piecemeal manner, one nation or one industry at a time, a computer model is being constructed to cover the whole international energy by: 5.

LONDON (Reuters) - Oil refining margins in Europe will stay strong into next year, but U.S. refiners may see their profit levels drop, dragged down by a fall in demand for their key product gasoline.

“Right now, European refiners are enjoying strong margins, especially simple refiners. Causes of the Financial Crisis This section discusses the causes and propagation of the crises in the USA and Europe.

We first review the USA and then move on to Europe. Causes of the Crisis in the USA The story of the financial crisis begins with the federal housing policy in the United States. 3 Refining –a short history •Pre –A long period of capacity rationalization lead to moderately rising utilization rates •From to mid –A demand jump tied with rising oil prices and massive financial investment inflows into crude and product futures lead to: •Tight refinery capacity •High margins •Since mid –Economic crisis, demand loss, margins back to.

The European debt crisis (often also referred to as the eurozone crisis or the European sovereign debt crisis) is a multi-year debt crisis that has been taking place in the European Union since the end of Several eurozone member states (Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Spain and Cyprus) were unable to repay.

“An investigation of the oil refining industry in Central and Eastern Europe” The industry finds itself at a confluence of economic forces, free competition and po- thesis shall come up with a general analysis of the European oil refining industry with a focus on six countries. The remit had to be restricted, as analysing Europe as a.

History of Europe - History of Europe - Revolution and the growth of industrial society, – Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events.

The French Revolution broke out inand its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades. World War I began in Its inception resulted from many trends in European society, culture, and diplomacy.

The overall economics or viability of a refinery depends on the interaction of three key elements: the choice of crude oil used (crude slates), the complexity of the refining equipment (refinery configuration) and the desired type and quality of products produced (product slate).

In several Western European countries, most notably Germany. Finland has a highly industrialised, mixed economy with a per capita output similar to that of other western European economies such as France, Germany and United Kingdom. The largest sector of the economy is services at percent, followed by manufacturing and refining at percent.

Primary production is y group: Developed/Advanced, High-income. The European Union (EU) is foremost a political and economic partnership-type institution with 28 member states.

The European Union was founded after the end of the Second World War. The oil crisis gave rise to problems in European-Algerian gas relations, too. Immediately after the outbreak of the Arab-Israeli war in OctoberAlgerian LNG exports to the United States were disrupted.

The state-owned Algerian oil and gas company Sonatrach initially referred to technical problems at its LNG plant, and exports were soon File Size: KB. Gross domestic product (GDP) growth rates for the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Western Europe were,and percent, respectively.

The oil crisis pushed West European car buyers away from larger, less economical cars. The most notable result of this transition was the rise in popularity of compact hatchbacks.

The only notable small hatchbacks built in Western Europe before the oil crisis were the PeugeotRenault 5 and Fiat   The Marshall Plan, also known as the European Recovery Program, was a U.S. program providing aid to Western Europe following the devastation of World.

Oil refineries likely to close across UK and Europe, Essar Energy boss warns of structural change in the refining industry globally," said Nayyar. some shake-up in the European refining.

Table SWOT Analysis of the Oil Refineries Market, Table Indian Oil Consumption, (mbpd) Table West Texas Intermediate (WTI) vs. Maya Price Differential, ($). Europe’s refiners enjoyed a brief golden age in the mids, when China’s industrial boom fuelled a huge spurt in oil demand, while in the west tightening sulphur specifications for diesel.

In Part I of this analysis, the striking similarities of the declining oil production in the North Sea, Indonesia and Mexico were used to model the future maximum possible oil production per annum in all larger countries and regions of the planet from to In Part II, the oil export and oil consumption patterns, that were established in recent decades, are combined with the Cited by: 3.

The Future of World Oil Refining Market to – Analysis on World Oil Refining Market Trends, Challenges and Outlook is a complete source of information and analysis on World refining industry. The OPEC Oil Embargo and Third-World Debt by Dale H.

Easley Department of Natural and Applied Sciences University of Dubuque 7/17/ is an important year for understanding the economy of the last quarter of the 20th century.

That was the year of the OPEC 1 Oil Embargo. Prior tooil prices were about $3 per barrel. The Globalising Europe course combines a hands-on business perspective with historical, cultural and economics analysis. Through this 3-week course, participants will be acquainted with know-how in European business, economic challenges and the larger political and cultural framework that encapsulates the European Economic Community.

Learn more. This analysis is based on the work of Pdf. Little, pdf describes two different scenarios for the possible developments of the oil market for OECD Europe: Fuel Oil Decline (FD) in which the percentage of fuel oil is forecasted to decrease by one third, and Sustained Growth (SG) in which the percentage of fuel oil is considered constant (see Table 1).Cited by: ANKARA: Eight western European companies are keen to invest in Iran’s $ billion (Dh billion) Siraf oil refinery project, an Iranian official said on Monday, as the country ramps up.COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization ebook situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.